For the first time in history, scientists from the University of Vermont have created real living biorobots. Of course, we are talking about tiny organisms, but still.
The creators called their robots xenobots. They are characterized by a submillimeter size and consist of 500-1000 cells. To clarify, they are completely created from living cells.
More precisely, from the stem cells of a frog, which scientists reprogrammed in such a way as to endow xenobots with certain functions. In particular, they are able to move around, organize themselves and even “transport” small loads.
They are neither traditional robots nor famous animal species. This is a new class: a living programmable organism
Interestingly, to create xenobots, a supercomputer was required that developed an algorithm that actually allowed collecting the cells of the heart and skin of the frog in various configurations in order to obtain one or another result.
During the experiment, xenobots were able to move in the aquatic environment for a week without the need for additional nutrients, since initially scientists “loaded” certain energy reserves into them.
The potential of such technology is huge, but so far these are only the first experiments.